The best medicine in the world is preventive medicine. Unfortunately, viruses as parvovirus are around in our lives. We have to learn to live with nature and sometimes to fight it too. In this post we will explain how to prevent one of the most deadly diseases that attacks our puppies directly. Many times we make unforgivable mistakes for our pets and we simply make them out of simple ignorance. In this blog we are going to inform you, contribute with knowledge and enrich your mind.
Our puppies are very vulnerable to external factors due to their weak immune system. The most dangerous external factors for our puppies and kittens are viruses. Therefore a correct vaccination plan should be established in agreement with your vet. A vaccine can be the factor between your puppy being able to beat a disease or being totally crushed by these tiny microorganisms.
› What is parvovirus?
› What ages are most at risk?
› What are the symptoms of parvovirus?
› How can we diagnose parvovirus?
› What is the treatment for coronavirus?
› How can we prevent parvovirus?
› More information
What is parvovirus?
Parvovirus is an extremely contagious disease that can be fatal to puppies, unless treatment is instituted prematurely and even then the chances of success are sometimes not the best.
The etiological agent of canine parvovirosis belongs to the family Parvoviridae. It is now accepted that there are two antigenically different types of canine parvovirus: one is apathogenic, known as MCV or canine parvovirus type I, and the other is pathogenic, called canine parvovirus type II.
How is parvovirus transmitted?
Viral transmission is through infected feces that can survive for several weeks outdoors. Parvovirus PVC-2 is easily spread from one place to another, it can be carried in hair, in contaminated cages, shoes and other objects.
Parvovirus is not dangerous to humans because we cannot catch this virus. This doesn’t mean we can’t transmit it. We can carry it on our clothes so it is vitally important to take care of good hygiene and to disinfect our clothes if we are in contact with an infected animal.
What ages are most at risk?
All dogs are at risk of parvovirus infection, but puppies and unvaccinated adults are definitely the most at risk. An early diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible will be the definitive factor for a favorable prognosis.
The two most determining factors to obtain success with the treatment is the age of the patient, puppies under 2 months of age will have more difficulties to survive and the other determining factor will be to obtain an early diagnosis, since a premature beginning of the treatment will result in a better prognosis.
What are the symptoms of parvovirus?
Parvovirus is a gastrointestinal virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea (usually hemorrhagic diarrhea). Symptoms can be very non-specific such as drowsiness, general weakness, fever, poor appetite.. Most deaths are caused by the brutal dehydration they suffer in the early stages of the disease due to vomiting and diarrhoea.
How can we diagnose parvovirus?
The veterinarian will diagnose the virus through a combination of medical history, physical examination and a rapid stool test.
What is the treatment for coronavirus?
Unfortunately there is no specific medication for the cure of parvovirus, this does not mean there is no cure.
Treatment should be instituted immediately and will be based on maintaining optimal hydration, avoiding vomiting, cutting off diarrhea, improving the immune system, antibiotherapy, and even in some patients ended up receiving plasma transfusions.
How can we prevent parvovirus?
Let’s go over it again and emphasize that preventive medicine is the best medicine in the world. Vaccinations are the only way to prevent the spread and transmission of the virus among our beloved puppies. A complete vaccination and its booster will make our puppies create a complete army of antibodies so that in case the virus knocks at your door your pet will be ready to fight.
In the case of our adults we only have to worry about the vaccination being in force. We will maintain a preventive vaccination plan with our veterinarian who will recommend us to continue vaccinating our pets against parvovirus annually.
For more info
- The AVMA brochure on parvovirus provides a brief overview of what pet owners can expect in canine parvovirus infections.
- For veterinarians, the Merck Veterinary Manual provides a comprehensive chapter on parvoviral infection.
- If you want to know how COVID 19 affects animals, visit https://mypetbirthday.com/can-cats-get-covid-19/.