Are you wondering what the best dog breeds are?
Knowing and being informed before adopting a pet is vital as each breed requires different needs. Below we will give you all the details so that you can get to know your pets a little better and provide them with a better quality of life.
It is important to understand that each animal contains an individual and intrinsic character that cannot be transferred genetically but there are also instinctive genetic factors that modulate their behavior and we must take this into account.
As you can see below, there are breeds of dogs that need a lot of daily physical activity to maintain their wellbeing and others that require less exercise. Another crucial factor that we must highlight is genetic diseases. Knowing the predisposed diseases that our pets will face is of vital importance.
Knowing the needs of our pets will be the key to maintaining their wellbeing and avoiding behavioural problems such as anxiety, frustration or depression.
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Which are the top 10 dog breeds?
The German Shepherd is a dog breed that comes from Germany. It was originally developed to guard and lead the sheep, so it is a breed that is part of the herding group. Due to its intelligence is currently used for other purposes such as police dog, guard dog, guide of the blind and rescue animal. German shepherds have a life expectancy of between ten and thirteen years. The German Shepherd is one of the breeds with more genetic problems due to its irresponsible breeding. As is common in large dogs, this breed often suffers from hip dysplasia. Their impressive intelligence, physical strength and susceptibility to develop hip dysplasia are the three most important factors to consider.
The Bulldog or English Bulldog is a breed that originated in the United Kingdom. The origins of the English Bulldog go back, like all the Molossers, to the Tibetan Mastiff, which spread throughout the world thanks to the Phoenician navigators.
Due to its irresponsible breeding, the bulldog is the breed with more genetic problems that we find nowadays. Due to its peculiar cranial-facial conformation (brachiocephalic syndrome) it is prone to develop heat strokes. Its practically inexistent nasal openings (nostrils) and its long palate make it difficult to breathe and therefore its thermodynamic regulation.
Its peculiar bone conformation and its pretension to obesity favor the appearance of orthopedic problems such as bilateral dislocation of the patellas and hip dysplasia. Another genetic problem to highlight is its peculiar excess of skin and folds in the eye area resulting in what we call entropion. And finally we highlight the predisposition to develop environmental allergies (dermatits atopica) and food.
His friendly, carefree, and playful character are the key why we can not resist its charms.
The Golden Retriever is a breed that comes from the United Kingdom, specifically from Scotland. It was originally developed for hunting and tracking. The original cross was between a yellow retriever, Nous, and a Tweed Water Spaniel, Belle. The average life span of the golden retriever breed, based on two recent UK surveys, is approximately 12 years. With regard to the diseases susceptible to develop we must highlight the Cancer, being the most common type hemangiosarcoma, followed by lymphosarcoma, mast cell tumor and osteosarcoma.
Obesity is another predisposing disease. Elbow and hip dysplasia Cataract is the most common eye disease in Golden Retrievers. Heart disease, especially subvalvular aortic stenosis and cardiomyopathy. Skin diseases, with allergies to flea bites that in particular can lead to acute dermatitis.
After naming this long list of possible diseases, the outstanding feature of the breed is of course temperament. It is described in the breed standard as “friendly, amiable and trusting. He is a perfect family dog and if he is educated from an early age he can be patient with children and become their best friend.
The breed originated in Yorkshire and the adjacent Lancashire, a rugged region in northern England. The Yorkshire terrier is a canine breed product of the combination of Scottish and English terriers, which originated when a part of the population of Scotland was displaced, due to the Industrial Revolution, and settled in England.
Predisposing diseases are heart disease, bronchitis, lymphangiectasia, portosystemic shunt, cataracts, dry eye, bilateral patellar luxation. As for his temperament, we can highlight his overprotective character, called lapdog. They are perfect barking animals for the protection of houses since they alarm from the presence of any intruder. In general they are dogs of good character that accept any kind of person.
The pug is a dog originally from China. Like the Bulldog the Pug is a breed with a peculiar cranial conformity that gives it a disastrous anatomy (brachiocephalic syndrome) to regulate its body temperature. For this reason they are breeds prone to develop heat stroke. They are characterized by having a Q-shaped tail. This variation in the shape of the tail is due to the fact that the vertebrae in this portion of the spine are actually females. In some puppies, this change in shape may extend to the rest of the spine, and they may even exhibit symptoms of spina bifida. About 1% of puppies may develop a degenerative neurological disease called pug’s encephalitis. This disease is lethal and has no known cure. Obesity is also a very prevalent disease in the breed.
With regard to their behavior they are sociable and not usually aggressive. We can consider them as alert dogs since they usually announce with barks the presence of unknown people. They are considered very intelligent and stubborn as they do not tend to obey in a natural way.
The Rottweiler is a breed that originated in Germany. In its origins it was used as a shepherd and as a protector. Today it is used as a police dog, guard dog or rescue dog. It is considered a potentially dangerous breed due to its physical characteristics. Since it is the rottweiler breed of large dogs, it has a life span of approximately 8 to 11 years. They are usually in good health. Among the most prevalent diseases are hip and elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma, entropion and gastric torsion. Common injuries include ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments. His temperament is very good. They tend to be very calm, docile, obedient and very good-natured animals. As with any other breed, potentially dangerous behavior in rottweilers usually results from irresponsible ownership, abuse, neglect or lack of socialization and training.
The Border Collie is a breed that originated in the United Kingdom, specifically on the border between Scotland and England. I was initially used as a sheepdog mainly to work with flocks of sheep, and it is still one of the most popular sheepdogs today. They are usually in excellent health.The most typical diseases are hip dysplasia, Lipofuscinosis ceroide neuronal , Collie eye anomaly, Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome. It is considered the most intelligent dog in the world. It is characterized by being very loyal to those who adopt it and we emphasize that it obtains its greater congratulations working as a shepherd.
The Beagle is originally from United Kingdom. It was used mainly to track hares, rabbits and other game. The typical longevity of beagles is between ten and fifteen years, a normal life expectancy for dogs of their size.
Beagles are prone to develop neurological problems in particular epilepsy. There are two particular diseases that are particular to this breed: the so-called “funny puppy”, in which the puppy grows slowly and develops weak legs and a crooked back and, although normally healthy, is prone to various diseases. In rare cases, they can develop polygenic arthritis, an inflammation of the joints caused by a dysfunction of the immune system. They can also suffer from hypothyroidism and onanism. The conformation of their large ears are fallen are perfect for the development of microorganisms within it and consequent ear infection. The two common eye conditions in beagles are glaucoma and corneal dystrophy. They also often suffer from cherry eye. They tend to be very quiet, non-aggressive and characterized by the absence of shyness. They tend to develop excellent behavior with children.
The Pomeranian is native to and named after the region of Central Pomerania, now in Poland, and is classified as a toy dog.
They are usually a healthy, resistant and long-lived breed, living between twelve and sixteen years. Due to their orthopedic conformation their main problem is the dislocation of the kneecap. They can also suffer from Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome. Patent ductus arteriosus (heart disease) and tracheal collapse have become the main diseases of the breed. Also common are dry keratoconjunctivitis, tear duct disorders, and cataracts, which can occur in older adults and lead to blindness. Skin allergies and follicular dysplasia are often the main skin problems. Other problems include hypothyroidism, epilepsy, and hypoglycemia. Occasionally, hydrocephalus can occur in puppies. There is another well-known health problem in the breed, called Black Skin Disease or Alopecia X. Their temperament. is cheerful, loving, active, independent, They are outgoing and enjoy being the center of attention. Due to their light weight and fragility they do not tend to get along very well with children as they can be hurt easily.
The Chihuahua is a breed of dog that originated in Mexico. It is one of the oldest breeds of dog in the Americas, as well as being the smallest dog in the world.
Chihuahuas often develop neurological problems such as epilepsy and stroke. Like almost all miniature breeds they tend to develop dislocation of the kneecap. Another genetic abnormality in Chihuahuas and other miniature breeds is hydrocephalus. Chihuahuas are also known for their fontanelles, a harmless soft spot on their skulls. The Chihuahua is the only dog breed born with an incomplete skull. Due to their large eye size they often develop eye infections.
Chihuahuas with mottled coloration, or descendants of parents with such coloration tend to have a number of additional health complications. Mottled color is a carrier of other possible severe eye conditions and blindness, deafness, hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Often considered weak and fragile, proper training and socialization can result in an excellent companion animal. They are characterized by their intelligence, their devotion and their personality. They are usually shy and active.
For more info
- This is the official list of all American Kennel Club dog breeds.
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